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Iterambere ryiterambere rya defoamers munganda zimpapuro. Porogaramu yubushakashatsi bwibikorwa bikora kwisi irahinduka kuva mubwoko bumwe bugizwe nibintu byinshi. Ibihugu byo hirya no hino ku isi byagabanije umubare munini w’imicungire y’abakozi n’amafaranga mu kigega cy’umwuga gikomatanyije cya defoamers. Hamwe nishoramari numutungo, ibisubizo byinshi byubupayiniya byagezweho, kandi umusaruro wuzuye wa defoamers wongerewe imbaraga. Umwuga wo gutegura ibinyabuzima no kubishyira mu bikorwa byerekana iterambere ryimbitse. Nkigice cyingenzi cyumuryango kama, defoamers organisme ifite icyerekezo kimwe cyiterambere mubikorwa byimpapuro.

Nkuko twese tubizi, mubikorwa byimpapuro zikora neza cyane zihagarariwe na oleic aside amide, polyether, hamwe nibikoresho kama, defoamers organic yasimbuye burundu ubwoko bwa gakondo budakora neza bwamavuta yubutare, amavuta yibimera, inzoga, nibindi, kandi byatanze umusanzu ukomeye ku nganda. Muri rusange, polyether silicone defoamers ihindurwa mubitangira bitandukanye. Silicone defoamers irashobora gukoreshwa nkishingiro ryo gutondekanya polyic silicone defoamers. Ukurikije itandukaniro ryabo, defoamers polyether silicone irashobora kugabanwa mubwoko bwa polyol nubwoko bwa acide fatty acide, ni ukuvuga ubwoko bwa amine ether. Ubu bwoko bwa defoamers bufite ibiranga.

Imiterere ya chimique isesengura itandukanye nizindi defoamers. Amatsinda adasanzwe asa nudakora neza, kandi ntaho ahuriye nibintu birimo amazi, amatsinda ya hydrocarubone cyangwa amatsinda akora neza. Ugereranije nibindi bintu bya silicon defoamers, birashobora gusenya. Umwete, mubisanzwe ukeneye kongeramo umubyimba wa 1×10-6 ~ 75×10-6 iyobowe na sisitemu kugirango ibone ingaruka ziteganijwe zo gusezererwa neza.

Imiterere yumubiri irashobora gukoreshwa mubintu rusange, kandi ntabwo byoroshye kugira reaction ya exothermic hamwe nibintu byinshi. Disoamers organique ifite imbaraga zo kurwanya ubushyuhe no guhangana nubushyuhe bwo hejuru kandi buke. Ubwiza bwamavuta ya methyl silicone buhoro buhoro buzamuka hafi 200°C, hamwe na silikoni-ogisijeni ntishobora gushonga. Amavuta ya methyl silicone afite imiterere ihindagurika kandi ihindagurika. Kubwibyo, silicone defoamer ni ingirakamaro mu kuzamura ubwiza bwimpapuro.

Kwangiza ibinyabuzima bifite umutekano, gukora icyatsi, kandi byongerewe umubiri. Iyi moderi yimyambarire kandi yubwenge. Kurwanya ibinyabuzima bifite anti-gusaza, imikorere yimikorere hamwe no kurwanya gusaza. Birashobora gukoreshwa byuzuye mubipimo byibidukikije byose. Organic defoamers ifite byinshi Muri rusange imikorere yubuziranenge, ariko igiciro kiziguye ni kinini. Irashobora gukoreshwa mubikorwa byose byakozwe mubikorwa byimpapuro, hamwe na demulisiyo yo hejuru kandi rimwe na rimwe ingaruka zidashimishije zo guhagarika ifuro.

Kubwibyo, defoamer organique irashobora kongerwaho nibindi bintu nka surfactant nka oleic aside amide na polyether hamwe na demulisation hamwe no guhagarika ifuro ryihariye kugirango habeho defoamer ikomatanya, idashobora gusa kunoza ubushobozi bwo guhagarika ifuro ryumwuga wa defoamer, ariko kandi Kugabanya no kugabanya igiciro cyibicuruzwa. Hamwe niterambere ryumwuga ryuzuza ibintu, defoamers organic ifite amahirwe menshi yo gukoresha isoko hamwe nubushobozi bukomeye bwisoko.


Igihe cyo kohereza: Kanama-17-2021